Thirty-three sports activities. 300 and thirty-nine occasions. And roughly 5,000 Olympic and Paralympic medals in ready.
The 2020 Tokyo Olympics (sure, the Video games are nonetheless being known as 2020) are scheduled to proceed on July 23, with just a few preliminary occasions on July 21 and 22.
Right here’s the lowdown on each sport, together with the Olympic debuts of browsing, skateboarding, karate and sport climbing.
5 GOLD MEDALS AWARDED
It’s a little bit totally different than at summer season camp: The archers attempt to hit a bull’s-eye that’s concerning the measurement of a grapefruit from 70 meters away. South Korea is the dominant group and has received all eight ladies’s group gold medals because the occasion was added in 1988. Brady Ellison of the US, who has two silver medals and a bronze in his profession, shall be aiming for his fourth Olympics.
The game was previously referred to as synchronized swimming. Russia has been the highest group for a few years. Though coed duet competitors has been added on the world championships, the Olympics remains to be for girls solely.
This sport of rackets and shuttlecocks is dominated by Asian nations: 32 of 34 golds in historical past have been received by that continent. Indonesia, a nation of 270 million, has received seven Olympic gold medals, all of them in badminton — the sport is part of the national identity.
Baseball and softball
Each competitions are returning for the primary time since 2008. Cuba has made the ultimate in all 5 Olympic baseball tournaments. America has received three of 4 softball golds. Main League Baseball gamers, in any other case occupied, won’t be collaborating within the match.
The American males have received six of the seven gold medals since professionals began taking part in on the Olympic group in 1992. The U.S. ladies have received eight of the final 9 golds.
Three-on-three basketball for women and men has been added this yr. America males and the Chinese language ladies are the reigning World Cup champions in that sport. The American males’s group for qualifying occasions has consisted of gamers from the G League and European leagues. The American ladies have been WNBA gamers.
The ladies’s competitors has expanded to 5 weight lessons, from three. Russia and former Soviet nations like Uzbekistan have been on the high of the game lately.
Canoe and kayak
Canoers use a one-bladed paddle and kneel within the boat. Kayakers use a two-bladed paddle and sit. The canoe dash takes place over a flat, straight, calm course. In canoe slalom, paddlers snake by way of gates in river rapids. In 2019, Nevin Harrison turned the primary American to win gold on this planet championship canoe dash. Conveniently, her occasion is being added for girls to the Tokyo Olympics.
The game has 4 separate disciplines on the Olympics. In highway biking, the identical riders who contest the Tour de France compete. In observe biking, riders race round a banked oval at excessive speeds; new this yr is the Madison, a form of tag-team race for 2 riders. In BMX, riders race over a fast, bumpy course or carry out tips within the new freestyle competitors. In mountain biking, riders traverse an extended, hilly cross-country course.
China received seven of eight gold medals on the final Video games. David Boudia of the US, with 4 medals over three Olympics, remains to be going robust.
There are three sorts of equestrian competitions on the Video games. Dressage is nearly like dancing on horseback, as riders are judged on exact actions by their mounts. In leaping, horses clear excessive hurdles. Eventing consists of each dressage and leaping, and likewise provides a grueling cross-country race over hurdles.
There are three several types of swords. The foil is a lightweight thrusting weapon, and hits might be made solely on the opponent’s torso. The épée is heavier, and hits might be made anyplace. The saber is probably the most distinct: It’s a chopping weapon, and hits might be made with any a part of the sword, not simply the tip. Whereas Mariel Zagunis, 36, who remains to be lively, received ladies’s gold medals in 2004 and 2008, no American man has received since 1904.
European groups, plus Argentina and Australia, have been tops at this sport. The American ladies, surprisingly, and the American males, unsurprisingly, didn’t qualify. .
Lots of the high gamers on this planet will compete on the Kasumigaseki Country Club. Justin Rose of Britain and Inbee Park of South Korea received 4 years in the past within the sport’s return to the Olympics after a 112-year absence.
With the retirements of the American swimmer Michael Phelps and the Jamaican runner Usain Bolt, Simone Biles often is the most seen athlete on the Video games. The winner of 4 golds in 2016, she may have an opportunity at six this yr, within the group occasion, particular person all-around, and 4 equipment finals.
Judo, a martial artwork targeted on grappling, offers an ideal medal-winning alternative for the host nation. Japan traditionally has greater than double the golds of the subsequent closest nation, and likewise had probably the most golds on the 2016 Video games. The heavyweight Teddy Riner of France shall be going for a 3rd straight gold medal and fourth straight medal over all. A coed group occasion has been added this yr.
Karate debuts at this Olympics. There shall be six gold medals awarded in kumite, during which athletes spar towards an opponent, and two in kata, a solo occasion during which judges consider rivals’ stances and actions. Japan received probably the most medals on the newest world championships.
It’s a quirky sport that was invented for the 1912 Video games in Stockholm. Athletes compete in swimming, fencing, equestrian leaping and a mixed pistol capturing and operating occasion, all in someday. Although the game is hardly “fashionable,” its identify comes as a result of it’s newer than the pentathlon of the traditional Greeks. America has received six silver medals on this sport, however by no means a gold.
On this women-only occasion, each particular person athletes and groups of 5 carry out with balls, hoops, golf equipment and ribbons. One piece of kit is omitted every Video games: This time the rope shall be disregarded.
There are two sorts of boats. In sculling, rowers have two oars every. In sweep rowing, every rower has only one oar. The American ladies’s eight has received three straight Olympic gold medals, however completed third on the final world championships behind New Zealand and Australia.
On the Olympics, rugby is performed with seven gamers on both sides in a quick, free-flowing model of the sport. Fiji received the inaugural males’s occasion in 2016, its first medal of any sort at any Video games. Australia received the ladies’s occasion.
There are occasions for rifle, pistol and shotgun. Three coed group occasions have been added this yr. A stay pigeon capturing occasion held in 1900 didn’t return, and that competitors is now thought-about unofficial.
On this judged occasion making its Olympic debut, gold medals shall be obtainable in road and park disciplines. The road enviornment is designed to simulate a metropolis road, with stairs, railings and benches for performing tips. The opposite occasion resembles a neighborhood skate park, with deep bowls and curves to barter, establishing midair tips.
The perfect ladies on this planet shall be on the Video games, together with the World Cup-winning People. The U.S. males did not qualify for a 3rd Video games in a row. The lads’s competitors is usually restricted to gamers underneath 24. Nonetheless, the historic roster of gold medalists consists of large names like Lev Yashin (U.S.S.R.), Pep Guardiola (Spain), Samuel Eto’o (Cameroon), Lionel Messi (Argentina) and Neymar (Brazil).
Every competitor shall be examined in three separate disciplines on this debut sport. Their mixed efficiency will decide who wins the medals. In pace climbing, athletes race up a wall as quick as doable, often in lower than 10 seconds. Lead climbing is predicated on how far up a difficult wall rivals can go earlier than they fall. In bouldering, rivals climb with out ropes or harnesses.
The Olympic debut for browsing shall be held within the comparatively tame waves off Chiba, Japan. Lots of the greatest athletes from the World Surf League shall be readily available, however the browsing legend Kelly Slater, 49, barely missed qualifying.
Quite a few stars ought to make for a compelling meet. Among the many People contingent is Simone Manuel within the freestyle sprints, Katie Ledecky at lengthy distance, Lilly King within the breaststroke and Caeleb Dressel in freestyle and butterfly. Additionally anticipated to be returning to the pool are Katinka Hosszu of Hungary and Daiya Seto, the host nation’s prime hope for a medal, within the particular person medleys.
Within the relays, prepare for one more spherical of the People versus the Australians. Plus, there’s marathon swimming on the Odaiba Marine Park.
Don’t count on too many surprises: China has received each gold medal on this sport in every of the final three Olympics.
This punching and kicking fight sport has been dominated by South Korea and China. However many nations have high contenders: In 2016, athletes from Ivory Coast, Jordan, Azerbaijan, Thailand, Niger and the Dominican Republic all received medals.
It’s not the American model of handball, involving bouncing a ball off a wall. As an alternative it’s a fast-paced group sport, one thing like indoor soccer, however with gamers throwing the ball on the aim. The American women and men didn’t qualify. European groups, and maybe the South Korean ladies, will vie for gold.
The massive stars shall be readily available, however the tournaments can yield surprises. Steffi Graf, Serena Williams, Andre Agassi, Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal all have Olympic gold medals. However so does Jack Sock.
Observe and area
Usain Bolt could have retired, however observe, which the Olympics refers to as “athletics,” will nonetheless be a marquee occasion. Worldwide stars anticipated to be readily available embrace Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce of Jamaica within the sprints, Sifan Hassan of the Netherlands within the center distances, and Armand Duplantis of Sweden within the pole vault.
The robust American contingent might embrace Noah Lyles within the sprints, Donavan Brazier at 800 meters, Christian Taylor within the triple leap, Dalilah Muhammad within the 400 hurdles and the ageless Allyson Felix within the 200 in what could be her fifth Video games.
The marathons and race strolling have been moved to Sapporo, Japan, the place it’s anticipated to be cooler than Tokyo.
China and host Japan would be the favorites to bounce their approach to gold. It’s a high-pressure occasion: After just a few warm-up bounces, the rivals should consecutively carry out 10 tips with no break.
The 2-hour swim, cycle and run is grueling, though not as a lot in order the eight-hour Ironman race in Hawaii. In addition to the lads’s and ladies’s races, there shall be a coed relay this yr.
In indoor volleyball, a six-a-side recreation, the US shall be hoping for a medal in each the lads’s and ladies’s occasions. The opposite contenders come from almost each continent: On the lads’s aspect, they embrace Poland and Brazil; on the ladies’s aspect, China and Serbia. In seashore volleyball, for groups of two, April Ross of the US has a silver and a bronze within the final two Video games and shall be seeking to full the set after turning 39 in June, this time with Alix Klineman as her companion.
The U.S. ladies’s group has been absurdly dominant, successful the final two Olympic golds and the final three world championships with ease. Groups from Europe ought to dominate on the lads’s aspect.
Sarah Robles received a bronze medal within the high weight class in Rio, the primary weight lifting medal for the US since 2000. Since then she has received a world championship and will contend once more.
In freestyle wrestling, the sort most acquainted to People, the US has a number of gold medal candidates amongst women and men. In Greco-Roman wrestling, a men-only occasion during which all holds have to be above the waist, the US is just not anticipated to contend.
There shall be competitors in a number of sorts of boats. The RS:X is a sailboard, the Laser and Finn are one-person dinghies, the 470 is a two-person dinghy, the 49er is a skiff, and the Nacra 17 is a multihull catamaran. Wealthier nations situated on the water like Australia, New Zealand and people in Western Europe are inclined to carry out greatest. However Croatia did win a 2016 gold.